101 Linux Error Code

Linux Error Code:-C code snippet tries to open a file through an open system call. There are two flags in the open call. The O_CREAT flag is to create a file if the file does not exist. The O_EXCL flag is used with O_CREAT if the file already exists open call will fail with the proper error number.

Linux Error Code in C code :-

$ cat fileopen.c
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
// Declaration of a file descriptor
int fd;

// Opening a file
fd = open("/root/sasikala/testing",O_CREAT|O_EXCL);
// If Open is failed
if ( fd < 0 ) {
        printf("Opening file : Failed\n");
        printf ("Error no is : %d\n", errno);
        printf("Error description is : %s\n",strerror(errno));
// If Open is success
        printf("Opening file : Success\n");


$ cc -o fileopen fileopen.c
$ ./fileopen

Opening file : Success

$ ./fileopen
Opening file : Failed
Error no is : 17
Error description is : File exists

open got executed successfully, and it created the file since the file was not available. In the next execution, it throws an error number 17, which is “File already exist”.  Linux Error Code

The following table shows a list of error numbers and their descriptions in the Linux operation system. Linux Error Code

Linux Error Code
Linux Error Code

Linux Error Code

Error number Error Code Error Description
1 EPERM Operation not permitted
2 ENOENT No such file or directory
3 ESRCH No such process
4 EINTR Interrupted system call
5 EIO I/O error
6 ENXIO No such device or address
7 E2BIG Argument list too long
8 ENOEXEC Exec format error
9 EBADF Bad file number
10 ECHILD No child processes
11 EAGAIN Try again
12 ENOMEM Out of memory
13 EACCES Permission denied
14 EFAULT Bad address
15 ENOTBLK Block device required
16 EBUSY Device or resource busy
17 EEXIST File exists
18 EXDEV Cross-device link
19 ENODEV No such device
20 ENOTDIR Not a directory
21 EISDIR Is a directory
22 EINVAL Invalid argument
23 ENFILE File table overflow
24 EMFILE Too many open files
25 ENOTTY Not a typewriter
26 ETXTBSY Text file busy
27 EFBIG File too large
28 ENOSPC No space left on device
29 ESPIPE Illegal seek
30 EROFS Read-only file system
31 EMLINK Too many links
32 EPIPE Broken pipe
33 EDOM Math argument out of domain of func
34 ERANGE Math result not representable
35 EDEADLK Resource deadlock would occur
36 ENAMETOOLONG File name too long
37 ENOLCK No record locks available
38 ENOSYS Function not implemented
39 ENOTEMPTY Directory not empty
40 ELOOP Too many symbolic links encountered
42 ENOMSG No message of desired type
43 EIDRM Identifier removed
44 ECHRNG Channel number out of range
45 EL2NSYNC Level 2 not synchronized
46 EL3HLT Level 3 halted
47 EL3RST Level 3 reset
48 ELNRNG Link number out of range
49 EUNATCH Protocol driver not attached
50 ENOCSI No CSI structure available
51 EL2HLT Level 2 halted
52 EBADE Invalid exchange
53 EBADR Invalid request descriptor
54 EXFULL Exchange full
55 ENOANO No anode
56 EBADRQC Invalid request code
57 EBADSLT Invalid slot
59 EBFONT Bad font file format
60 ENOSTR Device not a stream
61 ENODATA No data available
62 ETIME Timer expired
63 ENOSR Out of streams resources
64 ENONET Machine is not on the network
65 ENOPKG Package not installed
66 EREMOTE Object is remote
67 ENOLINK Link has been severed
68 EADV Advertise error
69 ESRMNT Srmount error
70 ECOMM Communication error on send
71 EPROTO Protocol error
72 EMULTIHOP Multihop attempted
73 EDOTDOT RFS specific error
74 EBADMSG Not a data message
75 EOVERFLOW Value too large for defined data type
76 ENOTUNIQ Name not unique on network
77 EBADFD File descriptor in bad state
78 EREMCHG Remote address changed
79 ELIBACC Can not access a needed shared library
80 ELIBBAD Accessing a corrupted shared library
81 ELIBSCN .lib section in a.out corrupted
82 ELIBMAX Attempting to link in too many shared libraries
83 ELIBEXEC Cannot exec a shared library directly
84 EILSEQ Illegal byte sequence
85 ERESTART Interrupted system call should be restarted
86 ESTRPIPE Streams pipe error
87 EUSERS Too many users
88 ENOTSOCK Socket operation on non-socket
89 EDESTADDRREQ Destination address required
90 EMSGSIZE Message too long
91 EPROTOTYPE Protocol wrong type for socket
92 ENOPROTOOPT Protocol not available
93 EPROTONOSUPPORT Protocol not supported
94 ESOCKTNOSUPPORT Socket type not supported
95 EOPNOTSUPP Operation not supported on transport endpoint
96 EPFNOSUPPORT Protocol family not supported
97 EAFNOSUPPORT Address family not supported by protocol
98 EADDRINUSE Address already in use
99 EADDRNOTAVAIL Cannot assign requested address
100 ENETDOWN Network is down
101 ENETUNREACH Network is unreachable

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