In this case, I will share some wonderful kali Linux command for a beginner so first Open the terminal, press Ctrl+Alt+T in Ubuntu, or press Alt+F2, type in gnome-terminal, and press enter. In Raspberry Pi, type in lxterminal. There is also a GUI way of taking it, but this is better!
1. pwd — The command “pwd” (print working directory), prints the current working directory with full path name from the terminal.
2. mkdir & rmdir — Use the mkdir command when you need to create a folder or a directory. For example, if you want to make a directory called “DIY”, then you can type “mkdir DIY”. Remember, as told before, if you want to create a directory named “DIY Hacking”, then you can type “mkdir DIY\ Hacking”.
3. rm — Use the rm command to delete files and directories. But rm cannot simply delete a directory. Use “rm -r” to delete a directory.
4. cp — Use the cp command to copy files through the command line. It takes two arguments: The first is the location of the file to be copied, the second is where to copy.
5. mv — Use the mv command to move files through the command line. We can also use the mv command to rename a file. For example, if we want to rename the file “text” to “new”, we can use “mv text new”. It takes the two arguments, just like the cp command.
Intermediate Commands :
1.echo — The “echo” command helps us move some data, usually text into a file. For example, if you want to create a new text file or add to an already made text file, you just need to type in, “echo hello, my name is Alok >> new.txt”.
2. cat — Use the cat command to display the contents of a file. It is usually used to easily view programs.
3. sudo — A widely used command in the Linux command line, sudo stands for “SuperUser Do”
4. zip, unzip — Use zip to compress files into a zip archive and unzip to extract files from a zip archive.
13. ping — Use ping to check your connection to a server. Wikipedia says, “Pingis a computer network administration software utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network”.
pwd Print Name Of Current/Working Directory
The pwd is an acronym for print working directory. The pwd command is considered as one of the most frequently used commands on Linux, AIX, HP-UX, *BSD, and other UNIX like operating systems along with the ls, and cd commands. It can be used for the following purposes under Apple OS X or UNIX or Linux operating systems:
=> Find the full path to the current directory.
=> Store the full path to the current directory in the shell variable.
=> Verify the absolute path.
=> Verify the physical path i.e exclude.
cd Changing The Working Directory
cp Copy Files Or Directory
rm Remove Files And Directory
ls List Of Directory Contents
mkdir Make Directory
cat Concatenate Files And Print On Standard Output
mv Move Files
chmod Change Files Permissions
Know Your System
uname Print System Information
who Show Who Is Logged On
cal Displays Calculator
date Print System Date And Time
df Report File System Disk Space Usage
du Estimate File Space Usage
ps Displays Information Of Current Active Processes
kill Allows To Kills Process
clear Clear The Terminal Screen
cat /proc/cpuinfo Cpuinfo Display CPU Information
cat /proc/meminfo Display Memory Information
tar Store and Extract Files From An Archive File
gzip Compress Or Decompress Named Files
ifconfig To Config Network Interface
ping Check Other System are reachable from The Host System
wget Download Files From Network
ssh Remote Login Program
ftp Download/Upload Files From/To Remote System
last Displays List Of Last Logged In User
telnet Used To Communicate With Another Host Using THe Telnet Protocol
grep Search Files(s) For Specific Text
find Search For Files In A Directory Hierarchy
locate Find Files By Name